Understanding Exchange Server Database and Recovering Deleted Files

Recover Exchange Server

If you have lost all your Exchange Server Files then it is very much necessary to recover them to resume the functionality of Server. Check the Database components and how Eseutil and Isinteg are used to recover Exchange Database.

Exchange Server is the backend of email application used by Exchange. Small and Medium enterprises using Exchange server communicate via emails. The User’s account is stored in mailboxes and these are stored on Exchange Server. If the Exchange Server Database faces any error then the server files and user-mailbox data get lost. To recover this data user has to repair the Exchange Server Database

Log files in Exchange Database are the most important one. These files hold the record for each and every action performed on a database. Log files will contain the information and query performed on the server with date, time, data on which it is executed. Inserting/ Updating/ Deleting all the files get stored on the server. So, if we know the last action from where the database gets corrupt the action can be rolled back to recover files.

When the activity on the transaction is in log files and the database is closed after the query is executed then it terms to clean shutdown and database said to be in a consistent state.

But if the database is shut down before the transaction in log files is not executed it said to be as dirty shutdown and database goes to the inconsistent state. So, to prevent exchange server database corruption, the user should always ensure that the database closed with a clean shutdown to this page:

Repairing Database Files 

Check the state of the database by running the following command on Eseutil.exe

  • Launch the software and click on Eseutil/mh
  • This will show the database state

Recover Exchange Database Files

Soft Recovery: The Exchange Database Files can be recovered easily by running Eseutil/r command. This command is good for repairing minor errors.

Hard Recovery: If the Database files are severely damaged then they can be recovered by performing hard recovery. Eseutil/p command recovered files from extreme damage. However, users should avoid this feature as it does not fully recover the files.

Exchange Recovery Software is an amazing tool that retrieves files from the database. Providing Administrators with full access rights it gives them complete freedom to manage user-mailbox. Admin has the choice to rename/ delete/ create the mailbox on the destination and source folder. You can easily export the files to live Exchange and Office 365 too.